Feature Reduction for Document Clustering and Classification
Often users receive search results which contain a wide range of documents, only some of which are relevant to their information needs. To address this problem, ever more systems not only locate information for users, but also organise that information on their behalf. We look at two main automatic approaches to information organisation: interactive clustering of search results and pre-categorising documents to provide hierarchical browsing structures. To be feasible in real world applications, both of these approaches require accurate yet efficient algorithms. Yet, both suffer from the curse of dimensionality - documents are typically represented by hundreds or thousands of words (features) which must be analysed and processed during clustering or classification. In this paper, we discuss feature reduction techniques and their application to document clustering and classification, showing that feature reduction improves efficiency as well as accuracy. We validate these algorithms using human relevance assignments and categorisation.
DTR 2000/8, Department of Computing, Imperial College London