Showing all 10 Tech Reports linked to Clara Mancini

Designing the Ontological Foundations for Knowledge Domain Analysis Technology: An Interim Report

Research into tools to support both quantitative and qualitative analysis of specialist knowledge domains has been undertaken within the two broadly independent traditions of Bibliometrics and Knowledge Management. The ‘knowledge domain analysis’ (KDA) tools within the first tradition follow a citation-based approach to representing knowledge domains and use citation links as the basis for identifying patterns in the relationships among authors and publications. KDA tools within the second,...read more

ID: kmi-08-02

Date: 2008

Author(s): Neil Benn, Simon Buckingham Shum, John Domingue, Clara Mancini

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Visualising Discourse Coherence in Non-Linear Documents

To produce coherent linear documents, Natural Language Generation systems have traditionally exploited the structuring role of textual discourse markers such as relational and referential phrases. These coherence markers of the traditional notion of text, however, do not work in non-linear documents: a new set of graphical devices is needed together with formation rules to govern their usage, supported by sound theoretical frameworks. If in linear documents graphical devices such as layout and...read more

ID: KMI-06-19

Date: 2006

Author(s): Clara Mancini, Donia Scott and Simon Buckingham Shum

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Modelling Discourse in Contested Domains: A Semiotic and Cognitive Framework

This paper examines the representational requirements for interactive, collaborative systems intended to support sensemaking and argumentation over contested issues. We argue that a perspective supported by semiotic and cognitively oriented discourse analyses offers both theoretical insights and motivates representational requirements for the semantics of tools for contesting meaning. We introduce our semiotic approach, highlighting its implications for discourse representation, before...read more

ID: KMI-06-14

Date: 2006

Author(s): Clara Mancini, Simon Buckingham Shum

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Co-OPR: Design and Evaluation of Collaborative Sensemaking and Planning Tools for Personnel Recovery

Personnel recovery teams must operate under intense pressure, taking into account not only hard logistics, but 'messy' factors such as the social or political implications of a decision. The Collaborative Operations for Personnel Recovery (Co-OPR) project has developed decision-support for sensemaking in such scenarios, seeking to exploit the complementary strengths of human and machine reasoning. Co-OPR integrates the Compendium sensemaking-support tool for real time information and...read more

ID: KMI-06-07

Date: 2006

Author(s): Austin Tate, Simon Buckingham Shum, Jeff Dalton, Clara Mancini, Albert Selvin

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Memetic: An Infrastructure for Meeting Memory

This paper introduces the Memetic toolkit for recording the normally ephemeral interactions conducted via internet video conferencing, and making these navigable and manipulable in linear and non-linear ways. We introduce two complementary interaction visualizations: argumentation-based concept maps to elucidate the conceptual structure of the discourse using a visual language, and interactive event timelines generated from the meeting metadata. We discuss in detail the affordances of Memetics...read more

ID: KMI-06-02

Date: 2006

Author(s): Simon Buckingham Shum, Roger Slack, Michael Daw, Ben Juby, Andrew Rowley, Michelle Bachler, Clara Mancini, Danius Michaelides, Rob Procter, David De Roure, Tim Chown, Terry Hewitt

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Towards 'Cinematic' Hypertext

This paper proposes the paradigm of 'Cinematic' Hypertext (CH), in which discourse form is represented following principles that underpin the expression of narrative patterns in cinema. Primarily tackling hypertext discourse coherence in the non-linear medium, CH is conceived as a way of thinking the hypertext medium that is consistent with its characteristics. CH envisages the consistent and concurrent use of the medium's formal features, grounded in structuring principles, in order to allow...read more

ID: kmi-04-31

Date: 2004

Author(s): Clara Mancini, Simon Buckingham Shum

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Modelling Naturalistic Argumentation in Research Literatures: Representation and Interaction Design Issues

This paper characterises key weaknesses in the ability of current digital libraries to support scholarly inquiry, and as a way to address these, proposes computational services grounded in semiformal models of the naturalistic argumentation commonly found in research lteratures. It is argued that a design priority is to balance formal expressiveness with usability, making it critical to co-evolve the modelling scheme with appropriate user interfaces for argument construction and analysis. We...read more

ID: kmi-04-28

Date: 2004

Author(s): Simon J. Buckingham Shum, Victoria Uren, Gangmin Li, Bertrand Sereno, Clara Mancini

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Towards Cinematic Hypertext: a Theoretical and Empirical Investigation

Hypertext's non-linearity has critical implications for scholarly discourse and argumentation, where it is commonly considered important to control the reader's exposure to the line of reasoning in order to communicate complex ideas and maximise rhetorical impact. Hypertext's non-linearity has been seen to threaten authors' control over discourse order and the coherence of their argumentative discourse. Existing hypertext paradigms offer different solutions to the problem of preserving...read more

ID: kmi-04-06

Date: 2004

Author(s): Clara Mancini

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Cognitive Coherence Relations and Hypertext: From Cinematic Patterns to Scholarly Discourse

In previous work we argued that cinematic language may provide insights into the construction of narrative coherence in hypertext, and we identified in the shot juxtaposition of rhetorical patterns the source of coherence for cinematic discourse. Here we deepen our analysis, to show how the mechanisms that underpin cinematic rhetorical patterns are the same as those providing coherence in written text. We draw on computational and psycholinguistic analyses of texts which have derived a set of...read more

ID: kmi-01-13

Date: 2001

Author(s): Clara Mancini and Simon Buckingham Shum

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From Cinematographic to Hypertext Narrative

This paper argues that cinematographic language may provide insights into the construction of narrative coherence in hypertext. Brief examples of cinematic representation models are mapped onto the hypertext domain.read more

ID: kmi-00-03

Date: 2000

Author(s): Clara Mancini

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Research Asst / Assoc for Blockchain Learning Verification

Knowledge Media Institute (KMi)
£29,799 - £38,833 (Grade AC1 / AC2)
Based in Milton Keynes
Temporary contract for 18 months

The Knowledge Media Institute (KMi) is a distinct research unit within the Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) at the Open University. KMi is looking for a Research Assistant or a Research Associate to work on the IoC project & how blockchains can be used to store student accreditation and lifelong learning records in order to enhance employability. The Open University leads the IoC's first theme on university learning, which aims to influence computer science...

Research Asst / Assoc for Mainstreaming Learning Analytics

Knowledge Media Institute (KMi)
£29,799 - £38,833 (Grade AC1 / AC2)
Based in Milton Keynes
Temporary contract until 31st March 2021

The Knowledge Media Institute (KMi) is a distinct research unit within the Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) at the Open University. KMi is looking for a Research Assistant or a Research Associate to work on the IoC project & how we can adapt, deploy and mainstream our learning analytics tool across a number of educational establishments nationally. The Open University leads the IoC's first theme on university learning, which aims to influence computer...

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